Essential Concepts for Piano Practice

Piano Practice
Ten essential concepts for practicing the piano:

  1. The best way to start learning a composition is to listen to a recording of the composition.
  2. Practice musically instead of solely focusing on techniques.
  3. Analyze the structure of the composition and break it into short practice segments.
  4. Practice difficult passages that you cannot play hands separately, but practice with hands together as soon as you are proficient in each hand.
  5. A practice segment should always include the beginning of the next segment.
  6. Memorize the composition as you learn it, first with hands separately, then hands together, beginning with difficult segments.
  7. Get up to speed as soon as possible by first finding the maximum speed at which you can play accurately, then going faster by shortening the segment if necessary. Fast playing utilizes hand motions that cannot be acquired through slow playing practice.
  8. Find the fingering that suits you the most physically, then don’t change it.
  9. Practice with a metronome but beware of becoming overdependent on it. Practice also without a metronome but use it to check your internal timing.
  10. Two-handed motions can only be cultivated through repetition. Therefore first develop any new techniques hands separately, so that when you put the hands together you only have to develop the coordination and not worry about the techniques of each individual hand.

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